Ed Miliband has once again referred to his Jewish roots in his party conference address.
The Labour leader, who was chosen for the post on Rosh Hashanah last year, spoke of how his parents fled the Nazis then came to Britain "and embraced its values".
He told party members and MPs at the Liverpool event that his parents were outsiders who had built a life for their children in a new country. He said his parents' experience made him "determined to break the closed circles of Britain".
Mr Miliband's father was the socialist thinker Ralph Miliband. Born in Belgium, he met another Jewish refugee when he arrived in Britain. Marion Kozak came from Poland, but escaped at the start of the Nazi occupation.
The Miliband brothers are not practising Jews, although Ed Miliband honoured tradition by smashing a glass at his wedding earlier this year.