Nicolas Anelka’s use of the ‘quenelle’ was the first time this gesture had been seen in the English game.
It prompted significant public debate at home and abroad and, therefore, it is appropriate to share The FA’s response since 28 December, when the offence occurred, through to our decision today not to appeal the decision of the Independent Regulatory Commission.
We acknowledged from the very outset the unusual nature of this incident and the sensitivities surrounding it, and so wanted to ensure we conducted a proper and thorough investigation.
Whilst some commentators criticised the time we took to build the prosecution case at the beginning, we hope it is now clear why it was essential to take the time we did to issue the charges. The focus had to be on the investigation.
Despite the pressure to make public comment at that time, it will never be appropriate for a regulatory body to offer a running commentary on its investigation, as this risks undermining the fairness of its process.
This was a complex case. It required detailed expert consideration of a range of issues: including the nature of the conduct - a gesture as opposed to the spoken word presenting unique challenges; the controversy over its meaning in France; the developing ideology of the gesture’s inventor; and the state of mind of its user.
The FA placed nearly 200 pages of evidence before the Independent Regulatory Commission and two hours of carefully researched video footage, which we translated from the original French and subtitled into English to make it comprehensible to an English tribunal.
Ultimately, the Independent Regulatory Commission was persuaded to accept The FA’s case against Nicolas Anelka. We acknowledge the careful consideration taken by the Independent Regulatory Commission of the difficult arguments placed before it.
Its decision makes it absolutely clear that use of this gesture on the football pitches of England will not be tolerated in any circumstance.
Having now considered very carefully the written reasons of the Independent Regulatory Commission together with our appointed QC, we do not consider there is a real prospect of successfully appealing to extend the sanction imposed.
The grounds of appeal available to us are limited to legal challenges or to circumstances in which the sanction imposed is “so unduly lenient as to be unreasonable.” That is a high test.
Whilst The FA pressed the Independent Regulatory Commission to impose a harsher sanction on Nicolas Anelka than a suspension of five matches, it is not so far outside the range of sanctions that would have been appropriate in this case to be properly described as unreasonable.
When The FA was tasked with determining the new sanctions and education package for Aggravated Breaches of Rule E3(1), we consulted far and wide and achieved a consensus. What was clear from the outset was the importance of the sanctioning element being accompanied with a very strong educational piece.
Offenders need to understand why they are being sanctioned and to appreciate the impact of their conduct on others.
With confirmation that both parties will not be appealing, Nicolas Anelka will serve out his suspension during this season. We also welcome his confirmation the gesture will not be repeated.
Prior to The FA charging Mr Anelka, we understand that no other sports regulatory or prosecutorial body in the world had sought to tackle this gesture and the complex ambiguities of its meaning.
We accept that, even though we are a sports governing body, the extent of public interest in what we do means that we are sometimes required to be in the vanguard of anti-discriminatory and disciplinary action of this type.
Our response demonstrates that we are prepared to act decisively and expeditiously in addressing these matters head-on.