Chief Rabbi Lord Sacks met Prime Minister David Cameron to discuss faith schools, the Middle East peace process and other issues of concern to the Jewish community.
Mr Cameron thanked Lord Sacks for his work in serving communities across Britain during the Downing Street meeting. The Chief Rabbi retires from his role on September 1.
A Downing Street spokesman said: "They discussed Jewish day schools and the positive impact that they have had on the Jewish community – an outcome warmly welcomed by the Chief Rabbi.
"Both men discussed the ‘Big Society’ – the importance of people taking responsibility and giving back to society. Lord Sacks noted how faith communities have always made and continue to make a big contribution to civil society."
Mr Cameron told Lord Sacks he was "grateful for the continued involvement of the Jewish community in Britain in their efforts to help find peace" in the Middle East.
The pair also discussed their memories of Baroness Thatcher at the meeting, which took place following her funeral last Wednesday.
Lord Sacks said: "It's always an honour be invited to Downing Street to meet the Prime Minister.
"I had the opportunity to discuss issues of concern and interest to the British Jewish community and thank Prime Minister David Cameron personally for his continued friendship and support."
Since becoming Chief Rabbi in 1991, Lord Sacks has met four Prime Ministers at Downing Street.