"What makes a film Jewish? There are no easy answers. It's obviously not just Jewish ritual and life, but some sort of Jewish sensibility and state of mind. Not everyone will agree with our choices - but it's our job to open the question up to debate and discussion."
You may not have heard of Stanley Milgram, but chances are you will be aware of his psychology experiment from 1961. In it, he arranged for a dour scientist in a grey lab-coat to instruct certain people ("teachers") to administer increasingly severe electric shocks to an affable stranger in an adjacent room if he gave the wrong answers to questions in a test.
Getting people to open their wallets for a first feature is never easy, says actor-turned film-maker David Leon, whose provocative debut, Orthodox, is playing in the UK Jewish Film Festival. "You know no one is going to give you that opportunity on a silver plate. So you have to find innovative ways of working around the system".
The 19th UK Jewish Film Festival got off to a glitzy start on Saturday evening as stars of the gala premiere, Closer To The Moon, joined 300 movie fans for a reception and screening at BFI on the Southbank.
Set in Romania in 1958 where antisemitism was rife, the film is based on the true story of a disenchanted group of Jewish friends who plot an audacious bank raid.