The Holocaust

On this day: The liberation of Auschwitz

By Jennifer Lipman, January 27, 2011

The largest of the Nazi concentration camps, Auschwitz and its sister camp Birkenau have become bywords for the unimaginable horror and evil of the Nazi genocide.

Located in Nazi-occupied Poland, estimates put the total number murdered there at 1.1 million – a tragic majority of the 1.3 million Jews and non-Jews the Nazis deported there and sent through the infamous gates adorned with the phrase "Arbeit Macht Frei" (Work Sets You Free).

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Google helps with Holocaust memorial project

By Jennifer Lipman, January 26, 2011

Yad Vashem and Google have joined forces to encourage more young people to learn about the Holocaust.

From today, the Jerusalem memorial museum’s vast photo archive can be viewed online and accessed easily through the search engine.

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Missing pages: Muslim heroes of the Holocaust

By Katie Taylor, January 26, 2011

Photographs from an exhibition, now touring the UK, shedding light on the untold stories of Albanian Muslims who saved Jews from the Nazis.

For more on Holocaust Memorial Day 2011 see our dedicated HMD page

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Yad Vashem launch Iran site

By Jennifer Lipman, January 24, 2011

Yad Vashem has begun broadcasting videos in Farsi.

The Israeli Holocaust memorial museum, which already has an Arabic YouTube channel, has launched the service in a bid to educate Iran’s population about the Nazis.

The videos will highlight the atrocities of the Second World War and the genocide of six million Jews to a population whose president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has publicly questioned the Holocaust.

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Huddersfield hosts Holocaust buttons

By Jonathan Kalmus, January 21, 2011

Kirklees is planning a Holocaust artwork of six million buttons as a permanent outdoor memorial in the West Yorkshire borough.

Entitled "6 Million+" and created by Leeds Jewish artist Antonia Stowe, it was first commissioned in 2006 as a temporary artwork by Kirklees Council. It began as an educational project when school and college students were asked to collect the buttons. After a JC report, more than six million buttons came in from all parts of the UK.

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Family's Holocaust-era letters to be translated

By Robyn Rosen, January 20, 2011

A Southampton historian has received a £9,000 grant to translate and catalogue thousands of newly-discovered letters between an exiled German Jew and his family in Nazi Germany.

The collection of 2,500 letters was found by Daniel Schwab in his parents’ garage in Johannesburg and is now the subject of a research project by Dr Shirli Gilbert of the University of Southampton.

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'British Schindler' Sir Nicholas Winton's film debut

By Jennifer Lipman, January 20, 2011

A British man’s Holocaust-era heroics will be celebrated tonight at the world premiere of a film about how he saved hundreds of children from the Nazis.

Sir Nicholas Winton, described as the British Schindler, organised the safe passage of 669 children from German-occupied Czechoslovakia to Britain as war broke out in 1939.

A 29-year-old stockbroker from a family of German Jewish background, he was moved to help rescue the children after visiting a refugee camp in 1938, three months after Adolf Hitler annexed the border region of Sudetenland.

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On this day: The Wannsee conference

By Jennifer Lipman, January 20, 2011

A peaceful lakeside spot in a sleepy suburb of Berlin, an uninformed visitor to Wannsee might be quite charmed by the place.

But the villa there has a chilling history – it was there, 69 years ago, that 15 Nazi leaders coined the term “Final Solution” and coordinated the genocidal campaign it would involve.

Those gathered at the conference included the man who ran the Gestapo, Reinhard Heydrich, his deputy, Adolph Eichmann and Dr Joseph Bühler, secretary of state for the general government.

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On this day: Klaus Barbie arrested

By Jennifer Lipman, January 19, 2011

Known as the “Butcher of Lyon”, Barbie was the local head of the Gestapo in Nazi-occupied France during the Holocaust.

Estimated to be responsible for the murders of 4,000 people, among his many hideous crimes, he tortured members of the French resistance and personally arranged for 44 Jewish children in an orphanage to be sent to Auschwitz.

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Spanish warrant for suspected Nazi Demjanjuk

By Jennifer Lipman, January 14, 2011

Spain has issued an arrest warrant for a man currently on trial in Germany for alleged Nazi war crimes.

John Demjanjuk is on trial in Munich over his suspected role in the deaths of more than 28,000 people at Sobibor concentration camp.

That trial began in November 2009, after the United States agreed to deport him. But the proceedings have been delayed because of questions over the health of Demjanjuk, now aged 90.

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