The largest of the Nazi concentration camps, Auschwitz and its sister camp Birkenau have become bywords for the unimaginable horror and evil of the Nazi genocide.
Located in Nazi-occupied Poland, estimates put the total number murdered there at 1.1 million – a tragic majority of the 1.3 million Jews and non-Jews the Nazis deported there and sent through the infamous gates adorned with the phrase "Arbeit Macht Frei" (Work Sets You Free).
Kirklees is planning a Holocaust artwork of six million buttons as a permanent outdoor memorial in the West Yorkshire borough.
Entitled "6 Million+" and created by Leeds Jewish artist Antonia Stowe, it was first commissioned in 2006 as a temporary artwork by Kirklees Council. It began as an educational project when school and college students were asked to collect the buttons. After a JC report, more than six million buttons came in from all parts of the UK.
A British man’s Holocaust-era heroics will be celebrated tonight at the world premiere of a film about how he saved hundreds of children from the Nazis.
Sir Nicholas Winton, described as the British Schindler, organised the safe passage of 669 children from German-occupied Czechoslovakia to Britain as war broke out in 1939.
A 29-year-old stockbroker from a family of German Jewish background, he was moved to help rescue the children after visiting a refugee camp in 1938, three months after Adolf Hitler annexed the border region of Sudetenland.
Known as the “Butcher of Lyon”, Barbie was the local head of the Gestapo in Nazi-occupied France during the Holocaust.
Estimated to be responsible for the murders of 4,000 people, among his many hideous crimes, he tortured members of the French resistance and personally arranged for 44 Jewish children in an orphanage to be sent to Auschwitz.