Second World War

Fury as Poland suspends Holocaust payments

By Nissan Tzur, March 17, 2011

The decision by the Polish government to suspend the legislation to compensate former property owners, whose assets were confiscated during the Second World World War and the Communist period, has caused outrage among world Jewish leaders.

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Lithuania accused over Holocaust event

By Simon Rocker, February 4, 2011

Controversy has broken out over a conference, jointly sponsored by the Lithuanian government, on the country's wartime record which is due to take place in London next week.

A petition expressing concern at the Lithuanian government's attitude to the Holocaust has been signed by among others Lord Janner, Denis McShane MP and Rabbi Barry Marcus, who organises Holocaust education trips.

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Lithuania to look at its wartime record

By Simon Rocker, January 20, 2011

The Lithuanian Embassy in London is jointly sponsoring a conference next month which will address "sensitive" questions about the country's wartime record.

Daiva Parulskiene, the embassy's cultural attaché, said it was the first time it had been involved with such an event, to be held at University College London on February 6-7.

Ms Parulskiene said: "Its main purpose is to gather academicians and specialists to try to understand the reason behind extreme violence on the part of Lithuanians in 1941 and who was involved in pogroms.

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Palestinian Arab leader struck wartime deal with Nazis

By Jennifer Lipman, December 15, 2010

The Nazis told the leader of the Palestinian Arabs that in return for his help during the Second World War he would have control of Palestine.

According to a report released this week by the US National Archives, based on thousands of declassified documents, the Nazis planned to make the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, overall leader after the British were ousted and the 350,000-strong Jewish population was murdered.

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How the Canadians of Harrogate are remembered every year

By Jessica Elgot, November 18, 2010

A Leeds man who says kaddish at the graves of seven Jewish Canadian airmen killed during the war has begun a meticulous search to find their relatives.

Alan Caplan, 76, from Alwoodley, visits, with 30 members of his local AJEX branch, the graves of the seven men at Stonefall Cemetery in Harrogate every year to place poppies etched with magen Davids on the graves.

He said: "They were stationed in the north of England during the war - and they gave their lives to save this
country.

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Bomber Command back £2m WW2 memorial

By Leon Symons, October 21, 2010

RAF veterans are in a frantic race to raise almost £2 million to ensure the building of a memorial for their dead comrades in Bomber Command.

A total of 55,573 men from Bomber Command died during World War II. Their losses were greater proportionately than those of any other service. It is the only section of the wartime armed forces that does not have a memorial to those who died.

In May this year, planning permission was given to build a memorial in Green Park in central London, costing around £5 million.

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Operation Embarrass? You bet: Britain's secret war on the Jews

By Marcus Dysch, September 21, 2010

British spies staged covert operations to sabotage Holocaust survivors' attempts to reach Palestine between 1946 and early 1948.

Among the tactics used by the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) in Operation Embarrass were the bombing of five ships used by potential immigrants, intimidation and the creation of a fake Palestinian defence group.

The British government gave the go-ahead to the campaign to slow illegal immigration into Palestine, provided there was "no risk of casualties being incurred" and no link could be traced back to the government.

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Hero or faker? Debate over Nazi-hunter Wiesenthal

By Simon Rocker, September 17, 2010

Fresh controversy has erupted over the reputation of the legendary Nazi-hunter, Simon

A new biography of him by Israeli historian Tom Segev was this week dismissed as a "whitewash" by Guy Walters, the British author who challenged Wiesenthal's credibility in his own book Hunting Evil last year.

Mr Walters recently branded Wiesenthal "one of the biggest conmen of the 20th century" for lying about his wartime experiences and exaggerating his role in tracking down war criminals.

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Interview: Josef Levinson

By Simon Round, September 7, 2010

I am sitting in the Central Synagogue in London sipping tea, hoping that I will get a chance to speak to Josef Levinson. Levinson is 93 years old and exhausted after his flight from Vilnius. He has an ongoing high blood pressure problem and has apparently had a bad night. His son Alex, a tall, square-jawed man with a booming voice, tells me that his father has been having doubts about whether to talk to the newspapers.

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Ben Uri buys Holocaust horror art

August 26, 2010

A jubilant Ben Uri Gallery was celebrating its latest acquisition this week: an important work by the distinguished German artist George Grosz, which in brutal clarity shows the horrors of the Second World War.

Grosz, who was not Jewish, and died in 1959, painted Interrogation - a man being tortured by Nazi soldiers - between 1936 and 1939, following his emigration to the USA in 1933.

There are only 15 examples of Grosz's work on public view in the UK, just six of which are in London.

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