Second World War

Cruelty and injustice in postwar Europe

By Anne Applebaum, November 12, 2012

For the British, who came home to a country at peace, it has always been hard to understand what happened after the Second World War in Eastern Europe. In Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, there was no joyous liberation or triumphant parades: Soldiers, prisoners and refugees returned home to towns still consumed by ethnic, political and criminal violence.

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Ordinary people in hell

By David Cesarani, October 18, 2012

British military historians are in the vanguard of a genre that has been given new life. Today, it is as much about the routine experience of servicemen and women as it is about strategy and tactics. Nazi ideology and the fate of the Jews is integrated into the narrative and informs analysis of decisions made at the highest to the lowest levels.

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Roma genocide remembered in Sweden

By Nathalie Rothschild, August 9, 2012

Representatives of the Swedish Jewish community last week took part in a memorial ceremony marking the anniversary of the “Night of the Gypsies”, or Zigeunernacht. Between August 2 and 3, 1944, around 3,000 Roma were sent to their deaths in Auschwitz.

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Honour for brave MI5 spy Frank Foley at London cemetery

By Jennifer Lipman, July 19, 2012

A “true British hero” of the Holocaust who risked his life to save 10,000 German Jews has had his bravery marked at a Jewish cemetery.

The plaque honouring Major Frank Foley has been placed at the entrance to Hoop Lane cemetery in Golders Green, in the hope that his story will be remembered by the Jewish community in the years to come.

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Tour de France snubs velodrome Holocaust memorial

By Michel Zlotowski, July 12, 2012

The Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), which runs the Tour de France, has said it is not the business of a sports organisation to commemorate the 1942 round-up of Paris’s Jews, despite the involvement of the cycling body’s former director in the mass-deportation.

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Gino Bartali: the Tour de France hero who defied Mussolini

By Simon Round, July 5, 2012

There are plenty of sporting heroes — people who have scored vital last-minute goals, run world records or taken a hatful of wickets. However, Italian cyclist Gino Bartali truly deserves the accolade.

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Hague to honour wartime British spy who saved Jews

By Marcus Dysch, June 15, 2012

Foreign Secretary William Hague is to unveil a plaque at a Jewish cemetery in honour of a British spy who saved thousands of Jews from the Nazis.

Major Frank Foley worked undercover for MI6, posing as a passport officer at the British Embassy in Berlin. He provided fake exit papers and acquired visas to help 10,000 German Jews escape.

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Refugees' hidden role to be revealed on stage

By Jennifer Lipman, May 31, 2012

The Jewish refugees who played a vital but hidden role in Britain’s Second World War intelligence efforts are to be celebrated in a new stage production.

As war raged across Europe, the British recruited German-speakers who had fled Nazi persecution and posted them as “listeners” in prisoner of war camps across the country.

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Bugged conversations 'could reveal extent of Britain's Holocaust knowledge'

By Martin Bright, May 31, 2012

The author of a forthcoming book on the Jewish refugees who listened in on the bugged conversations of captured German PoWs believes that the work of this top secret operation could reveal the extent of British government knowledge of the Holocaust during the war years.

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Lithuanian youth head backs Nazi leader

By Jane Whyatt, May 24, 2012

The head of Lithuania’s national youth association (ULNY) has denied that the country’s wartime puppet leader authorised the transportation of thousands of Jews to the Kaunas ghetto — and maintained that Jews cannot join his movement.

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