Second World War

Imperial War Museum says sorry for branding Jewish fighters against the Nazis ‘terrorists’

By Sandy Rashty, September 22, 2015

The Imperial War Museum has apologised for posting an image that described Jewish soldiers who fought the Nazis during the Second World War as “terrorists”.

The Museum said it was sorry after a representative “accidentally” uploaded the image of the fighters to its website with the caption: “Terrorist activities: Men of the First Battalion Jewish Brigade during a march past.”


Call to recognise the teacher who risked his life to save children

By Josh Jackman, September 10, 2015

He helped to save around 700 children from the Nazis, seeing most of them off at the train station in Prague, watching as they were whisked away from genocide and on to their new homes in Britain.

Despite not being Jewish, he quit his job teaching in Dorset to risk his life forging papers for Jewish refugees with whom he had no meaningful connection.


Veterans meet royals at VJ Day commemoration

By Rosa Doherty, August 20, 2015

Jewish war veterans met the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall at the 70th anniversary of VJ Day commemoration in Whitehall at the weekend.

Attending with his wife and son was 93-year-old Jack Freedman, from Sutton, who served in the navy.

"There weren't many Jewish soldiers there because it was on Saturday but I think Go'd will let me off for being there," he said.


Poland mulls harsh Shoah claims law

By Nissan Tzur, August 6, 2015

International Jewish organisations have welcomed moves by the Polish president to sideline legislation that aims to limit the ability of survivors and their heirs to recover property in Warsaw lost during the war.

The law being proposed sets a six-month deadline for those seeking restitution to complete all their property claims, and ends the practice of appointing a trustee to represent an hei


France’s highest honour given to D-Day veteran

By Naomi Firsht, July 15, 2015

The Marseillaise was played through London’s French quarters on Tuesday in celebration of Bastille Day, but last Shabbat it made a guest appearance in a more unlikely place.


Proposal to rename Prague station after Sir Nicholas Winton

By Naomi Firsht, July 8, 2015

Prague’s main railway station could be named after Sir Nicholas Winton, the “British Schindler” who saved the lives of 669 Jewish Czech children from the Nazis during the Second World War.

Sir Nicholas died aged 106 last week. He was responsible for rescuing the children before they were sent to concentration camps.


Luxembourg apologises for Holocaust role

By Josh Jackman, June 11, 2015

The Luxembourg government has for the first time apologised to its Jewish population for its role in the Holocaust, admitting that some officials were complicit in the killings.

Around a third of the Duchy’s Jews - 1,200 victims - were killed during its Nazi occupation, which lasted from May 1940 to September 1944.


"Enemy aliens": The untold story of the women on Man

By Sarah Ebner, June 7, 2015

Katherine Hallgarten was just a year old when she became an "enemy alien" in the Second World War. As hysteria against the Germans grew, she and her mother, Ruth Borchard, were removed from London to the Isle of Man. They had no idea when they would return.


European Jewry in long-term decline, says Pew report

By Naomi Firsht, February 10, 2015

The number of Jews living in Europe has been in decline since the Second World War, reported the Pew Research Centre on Monday.

There are now 1.4 million Jews living in Europe, which is around 10 per cent of the world Jewish population. The most dramatic drop has been in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union.


The Bletchley codebreakers who never cracked

By Josh Jackman, December 24, 2014

Most daughters keep secrets from their mothers, but not usually because they are a matter of national security.

During the Second World War, Ruth Bourne, from Birmingham, worked at the codebreaking base at Bletchley Park as one of the team helping Alan Turing crack the Germans’ Enigma code.