Nazi occupation

Call to speed up genocide trial of alleged Serbian Nazi

By Jennifer Lipman, December 21, 2010

The World Jewish Congress (WJC) has appealed to US authorities to help justice to be done by speeding up the extradition of a man accused of Nazi war crimes.

Peter Egner, allegedly a member of the Belgrade Gestapo during the Holocaust, will face charges of genocide if he is extradited to his former home of Serbia.

The 88-year-old, who is German but was born and raised in what was then Yugoslavia, is suspected of serving in an Einsatzgruppe, one of the mobile Nazi units, which was responsible for the deaths of 17,000 civilians, including Jews, Roma and political captives.

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Dutch issue arrest warrant for Nazi living in Germany

By Jessica Elgot, November 25, 2010

The Netherlands has issued a fresh European arrest warrant for a Dutch-born convicted Nazi war criminal living in Germany.

Klass-Carel Faber, 88, served as an SS officer and is high on the Simon Wiesenthal Centre’s list of Nazi criminals. Germany has refused to extradite him and he lives in Bavaria.

The Dutch public prosecutor's office said the warrant was a “preliminary step” and then a formal extradition request will be made to Germany.

This is the first time the Netherlands has issued a European arrest warrant for a war criminal.

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On this day: the Warsaw Ghetto is sealed

By Jennifer Lipman, November 16, 2010

In 1939 when the Nazis invaded Poland Warsaw’s Jewish community, which at the time made up about 30 per cent of the city’s population, was the second largest in the world.

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France to reveal Nazi collaborators

By Jennifer Lipman, June 30, 2010

Archives containing the names of French citizens who collaborated with the Nazis during the Holocaust are to be published online.

The release of the names of thousands of collaborators will enable survivors to find out who betrayed them and their loved ones during the four years France was occupied by the Nazis.

Until now the hidden files dating back 70 years have been stored in a Paris basement, but now a court ruling means they can be opened to the public.

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Nazi hunter slams Latvian Holocaust parade

By Jennifer Lipman, June 30, 2010

The world’s most prominent Nazi hunter has condemned Latvian officials for allowing an event commemorating the Nazi invasion of Riga to go ahead.

Efraim Zuroff, of the Simon Wiesenthal Centre in Israel, criticised the refusal by a Latvian court to call off the procession on July 1 as an “outrage”.

Mr Zuroff said: "To celebrate the anniversary is to celebrate the mass murder of all those victimised by the Nazis in Latvia -- primarily Jews, but also Communists, Gypsies and the mentally ill.”

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Franco made secret list of Jews for Nazis

By Jennifer Lipman, June 21, 2010

Spain’s record of protecting its Jewish citizens during the Holocaust has come under scrutiny.

New records, published in Spanish newspaper El País, show the fascist General Franco had plans to send 6,000 Jews into the hands of Hitler.

The wartime Spanish leader, long claimed to have been sympathetic to Jews during the Holocaust, in fact helped compile a list of Spanish Jews for the Nazi regime.

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Minister: how my father escaped Nazis

By Leon Symons, November 26, 2009

Justice Minister Michael Wills has revealed how his father fled Nazi-occupied Vienna and its impact on his role in the government’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities.

Mr Wills, who this week launched a report composed of Jewish groups’ responses to the bill, said: “Human beings don’t always learn from the past and that’s why this debate and this Jewish contribution is so important.”

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Hebrew 'Kristallnacht' bible returns to Vienna

By Jessica Elgot, November 11, 2009

A $30,000 Hebrew bible which was stolen from a library in Vienna during Kristallnacht has been returned to Austria.

It was due to be auctioned by the New York-based Kestenbaum & Company, which is owned by former Londoner Daniel Kestanbaum.

The black, leather-bound bible, which was printed in 1516 in Venice, vanished 71 years ago.
It had been donated to the library of the Jewish community of Vienna in 1908, before being looted by the Nazis on November 9, 1938.

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Tributes for leader of Warsaw ghetto uprising

By Jessica Elgot, October 5, 2009

World leaders have paid tribute to the last surviving leader of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, who has died aged 90.

Marek Edelman was the last leader of the resistance group which organised the uprising in 1943, the most successful armed urban resistance to the Nazis during the second world war.

Edelman was one of half a million Jews forced into Europe’s largest ghetto, in Warsaw.

When the Nazis began deporting people from the ghetto in 1942, Edelman formed the ZOB (Jewish Combat Organisation- in Polish) with Mordechai Anielewicz.

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France ‘facilitated’ Nazi-era crimes

February 18, 2009

The highest court in France has for the first time recognised the state’s responsibility in the deportation of tens of thousands of Jews during the Nazi era. The Council of State said that the collaborationist Vichy regime had “allowed or facilitated the deportation from France of victims of antisemitism” and called for the “formal admission of the state’s responsibility”.

Around 76,000 French Jews were deported to Nazi camps.

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