Nazi occupation

France to reveal Nazi collaborators

By Jennifer Lipman, June 30, 2010

Archives containing the names of French citizens who collaborated with the Nazis during the Holocaust are to be published online.

The release of the names of thousands of collaborators will enable survivors to find out who betrayed them and their loved ones during the four years France was occupied by the Nazis.

Until now the hidden files dating back 70 years have been stored in a Paris basement, but now a court ruling means they can be opened to the public.

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Nazi hunter slams Latvian Holocaust parade

By Jennifer Lipman, June 30, 2010

The world’s most prominent Nazi hunter has condemned Latvian officials for allowing an event commemorating the Nazi invasion of Riga to go ahead.

Efraim Zuroff, of the Simon Wiesenthal Centre in Israel, criticised the refusal by a Latvian court to call off the procession on July 1 as an “outrage”.

Mr Zuroff said: "To celebrate the anniversary is to celebrate the mass murder of all those victimised by the Nazis in Latvia -- primarily Jews, but also Communists, Gypsies and the mentally ill.”

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Franco made secret list of Jews for Nazis

By Jennifer Lipman, June 21, 2010

Spain’s record of protecting its Jewish citizens during the Holocaust has come under scrutiny.

New records, published in Spanish newspaper El País, show the fascist General Franco had plans to send 6,000 Jews into the hands of Hitler.

The wartime Spanish leader, long claimed to have been sympathetic to Jews during the Holocaust, in fact helped compile a list of Spanish Jews for the Nazi regime.

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Minister: how my father escaped Nazis

By Leon Symons, November 26, 2009

Justice Minister Michael Wills has revealed how his father fled Nazi-occupied Vienna and its impact on his role in the government’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities.

Mr Wills, who this week launched a report composed of Jewish groups’ responses to the bill, said: “Human beings don’t always learn from the past and that’s why this debate and this Jewish contribution is so important.”

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Hebrew 'Kristallnacht' bible returns to Vienna

By Jessica Elgot, November 11, 2009

A $30,000 Hebrew bible which was stolen from a library in Vienna during Kristallnacht has been returned to Austria.

It was due to be auctioned by the New York-based Kestenbaum & Company, which is owned by former Londoner Daniel Kestanbaum.

The black, leather-bound bible, which was printed in 1516 in Venice, vanished 71 years ago.
It had been donated to the library of the Jewish community of Vienna in 1908, before being looted by the Nazis on November 9, 1938.

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Tributes for leader of Warsaw ghetto uprising

By Jessica Elgot, October 5, 2009

World leaders have paid tribute to the last surviving leader of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, who has died aged 90.

Marek Edelman was the last leader of the resistance group which organised the uprising in 1943, the most successful armed urban resistance to the Nazis during the second world war.

Edelman was one of half a million Jews forced into Europe’s largest ghetto, in Warsaw.

When the Nazis began deporting people from the ghetto in 1942, Edelman formed the ZOB (Jewish Combat Organisation- in Polish) with Mordechai Anielewicz.

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France ‘facilitated’ Nazi-era crimes

February 18, 2009

The highest court in France has for the first time recognised the state’s responsibility in the deportation of tens of thousands of Jews during the Nazi era. The Council of State said that the collaborationist Vichy regime had “allowed or facilitated the deportation from France of victims of antisemitism” and called for the “formal admission of the state’s responsibility”.

Around 76,000 French Jews were deported to Nazi camps.

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After 70 years, lost paintings come home

By Marcus Dysch, November 20, 2008

The daughter of a renowned anthropologist has been reunited with a collection of his oil paintings which had been lost for almost 70 years.

Leonhard Adam painted the five panels of roses and poppies in 1940 while interned on the Isle of Man. He came to Britain after fleeing Nazi Germany, but was deported to Australia on the infamous Dunera in 1940.

The Dunera left Liverpool for Australia in July 1940, carrying 2,450 men, mostly German Jews Britain had deemed to be "enemy aliens".

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Shanghai Jews build records

June 13, 2008

The Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum has begun building a database of the tens of thousands of Jews who sought sanctuary in the Chinese city
after fleeing the Nazis in the 1930s. Leading the project is Uri Gutman, Israel’s consul-general in Shanghai, who described it as “a historical mission”.

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School recognises my plight — after 70 years

By Simon Rocker, June 6, 2008

Seventy years after being forced to sit at the back of her Austrian classroom, an 87-year-old woman has finally received an acknowledgement of her suffering from the school.

Katerina Fuchs of Hendon, North-West London, was 17 when the Germans marched into Austria in 1938, in what was known as the Anschluss, or annexation.

She and other Jewish pupils at the Radetskyschule in Vienna were separated from other students when the Nazis took over.

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