They were left battered and bruised - but, paradoxically, stronger than ever. That was the state of the Orthodox camp following this week's peace deal in the three-decade battle over who controls the Kotel.
Despite an 3a>upswing of violence in East Jerusalem on Tuesday3b>, the attacks on Israeli citizens and security personnel have mainly taken place in the West Bank, particularly in Hebron and south of Jerusalem, in the past two weeks.
For almost half a century, the Jerusalem Foundation (JF) has been quietly working behind the scenes of life in Israel's capital, but the charity's new president is keen to bring its work into the public eye.
Italian businesswoman Yohanna Arbib Perugia wants the charity's work on Israeli-Arab coexistence and other socially orientated projects to boost the international image of Jerusalem.