Israel at 60

1948: The moment of independence and liberation by Elie Wiesel

By Elie Wiesel, April 18, 2008

1948: A new dawn 

The Holocaust survivor and Nobel Peace Prize winner recalls how it felt to experience the moment of independence

For the Jewish child in me, Israel represents an irresistible call to hope, and Jerusalem a powerful love song.

In my small Romanian town, nestled in the Carpathians, I often walked the streets imagining myself sitting on a bench somewhere in Judea, listening to a master explain the mystery of words, the strength of memories and the human thirst for miracles.

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How Sadat came to talk to Begin

By Dan Patir, April 18, 2008

1977: Sadat in Jerusalem

On November 9 1977, following a secret meeting between Israeli and Egyptian officials in Morocco in September that year, Anwar Sadat told the Egyptian Parliament that he was willing to go as far as the Knesset in Jerusalem in order to obtain peace for his people.

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An eyewitness account of the 2006 second Lebanon war

By Yaara Piron, April 18, 2008
At the end of our first week in Nahariya during the war in summer 2006, we discussed among ourselves whether we should all stay there for Shabbat or whether the volunteers should go back to their homes to rest. But when we found out that most of the volunteers had already left, a group of us decided to stay and visit all the bomb-shelters over Shabbat. In the evening, just as we were organising all our equipment in the room we were using in City Hall, an explosion rocked the building, as if the Katyusha rockets had scored a direct hit.

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The era of ideology and austerity

By Ari Rath, April 18, 2008

A veteran journalist recalls when Israel’s PM lived in a hut, families got two eggs per week and Stalin was a good guy

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1987-1993: The first intifada

By Michal Levertov, April 18, 2008

Michal Levertov talks to members of Combatants for Peace — a group bringing together former fighters on both sides — about their experiences as Palestinians and Israelis

Wael Salamah, 51, was born in Anata, near Jerusalem, where he now lives. Married with 10 children, he works as an insurance agent

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Israel's nobel prizewinners and their acceptance speeches

April 18, 2008
From their breakthroughs in economic decision-making to their contributions to world peace, the nation's thinkers, writers and statesmen have achieved the ultimate recognition

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An eyewitness account of the Iraqi aliyah in 1950-1

By Shlomo Hillel, April 18, 2008

1950-1: The Iraqi aliyah

 

A veteran journalist recalls when Israel’s PM lived in a hut, families got two eggs per week and Stalin was a good guy The absorption of a mass immigration wave and the cost of the War of Independence brought the fledgling Jewish state to the verge of economic collapse. There were times when vital reserves of oil and of flour could barely last several days, so Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion proclaimed a regime of austerity — tzena — in April 1949.

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A personal account of the mass immigration from Ethiopia in the 1980s

By Tom Segev, April 18, 2008
The Israeli historian and writer offers a personal account of the mass immigration from Ethiopia and its wider context They came from some 100 countries and spoke 100 tongues. More than three million Jews and 60 years later, most are part of the Israeli identity. Soon, most of the Jews of the world will live here, for the first time in 1,000 years. This is part of what makes Israel one of the biggest success stories of the twentieth century. But the price was heavy.

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The future of Israel: Where do we go now?

By Anshel Pfeffer, April 18, 2008

For all the political, security and demographic challenges, the experts are optimistic

 

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Women are still fighting to be equal

By Shulamit Aloni, April 18, 2008

60 years of women's rights

When Israel was just established, in spite of a commitment to total equality of rights declared both in the proclamation of Independence and in the first government’s basic principles, the state of women’s rights was grim.

In those first years, women in Israel had no rights of custodianship, no rights over their own property. They were deprived from bank guarantees and their salaries were much lower than those of men in the same jobs — a state not totally fixed even today.

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