On this day

On this day: the Statue of Liberty is dedicated

By Jennifer Lipman, October 28, 2010

Inscribed on what is perhaps America’s most famous landmark and certainly one of its most treasured, is this: “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me!”

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On this day: Begin and Sadat win Nobel Peace Prize

By Jennifer Lipman, October 27, 2010

Joining icons including civil rights campaigner Martin Luther King, Jr and human rights activist René Cassin, Prime Minister Menachem Begin became the first Israeli winner of the annual peace prize.

He shared it with President Anwar Sadat of Egypt. The Nobel committee awarded them the prize: “for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace.”

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On this day: The Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace

By Jennifer Lipman, October 26, 2010

President Bill Clinton watched as Jordan became the second Arab country to normalise relations with Israel.

The treaty, agreed 46 years after the state of Israel was declared, came 15 years after the Camp David Accords and Egypt’s recognition of the Jewish state. Also in 1994, Shimon Peres, Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".

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On this day: Buenos Aires bomb suspects charged

By Jennifer Lipman, October 25, 2010

It has been described as the “most complex case in Argentina’s judicial history". Twelve years after bombers struck a Jewish community centre in Argentina, charges were finally brought.

More than 80 people were killed and hundreds were wounded when the Buenos Aires Jewish-Argentine Mutual Association (AMIA) community centre was car-bombed. The building, seven floors tall, was reduced to rubble.

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On this day: Jeff Goldblum is born

By Jennifer Lipman, October 22, 2010

Actor Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum grew up in Jewish home in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia. His mother was a radio broadcaster, his father a doctor.

At 17 he moved to New York to become an actor, working in small stage shows until his Broadway breakout in the Tony Award-winning musical Two Gentlemen of Verona.

In 1974 he made his first film, cast as the enviable “freak number one”, and has never looked back.

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On this day: Benjamin Netanyahu’s birthday

By Jennifer Lipman, October 21, 2010

The ninth prime minister of Israel, now serving a second term in office.

Born in Tel Aviv, after a childhood in Jerusalem and time in the United States as a teenager, Benjmain Netanyahu returned to Israel in 1967 and joined the army. He went on to serve as a member of the elite Matkal unit, helping in operations including the Sabena Airlines hostage rescue – a mission in which he was wounded. As a reservist he fought in the Yom Kippur and was made a captain.

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On this day: David Blaine leaves his perspex box after 44 days

By Jennifer Lipman, October 19, 2010

Blaine, whose Russian Jewish mother died of cancer when he was 19, has said he only feels alive when he is near to death. He survived six weeks suspended above the Thames, and as he left his glass cage in 2003, he cried: “This has been one of the most importance experiences of my life.”

More than a quarter of a million Londoners went to see the New York born “endurance specialist” in his time above the water. A few threw golf balls, paint, eggs and even tried to cut off his water supply.

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On this day: Alan Coren dies

By Jennifer Lipman, October 18, 2010

Born in Barnet to a Jewish family, in 1977 he was appointed as the first Jewish editor of the magazine Punch. A pupil at East Barnet Grammar school, he went on to study at Oxford, Yale and Berkeley, California.

Described by some as Britain’s funniest writer, he also wrote for The Times, the Daily Mail and the Sunday Express, and entertained audiences for more than 30 years as a panellist on the Radio 4's comedy The News Quiz.

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On this day: Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying

By Jennifer Lipman, October 15, 2010

The Dreyfus Affair will go down in history as one of the great injustices in European Jewish history and as one of the events that spurred on the Zionist movement.

The French army were concerned that someone in their ranks was passing military information to Germany. Suspicion fell on a Jewish artillery officer, a graduate of the elite Polytechnic Grande Ecole, named Albert Dreyfus.

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On this day: Nazi Germany pulls out of the League of Nations

By Jennifer Lipman, October 14, 2010

Developed in 1919 at the Paris peace conference, US President Woodrow Wilson hoped the League would ensure that the First World War truly was “the war to end all wars.”

Based on his Fourteen Points and rooted in the ideology of liberal internationalism, the League was supposed to go further than the Concert of Europe had in the 19th century. Its aim was to give all countries a voice, to promote self-determination and to unite the world.

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