By Rabbi Julian Sinclair, March 6, 2009
Geulah, meaning redemption or deliverance, is what we celebrate on Pesach. On the last days of Pesach, we especially mark the redemption of Israel from the Egyptian armies at the Red Sea.
Literally gaal means to cover or protect (See Job 3:4). Galut, exile, the opposite of geulah, comes from the root meaning to uncover. Galut is the uncovering, or denuding, of the land of Israel of its inhabitants.
Geulah also refers to the ransoming or redeeming of property that used to be yours. The English word redemption also has this dual financial and spiritual meaning.